Insomnia and sleep deprivation might sound the same thing. It means the lack of sleep, right? But an insomnia doctor will tell you that they are two different things. Here is the difference between the two.


Insomnia is a Latin word, which means “no sleep”. Insomnia is a very common problem faced by a lot of people around the world.

Insomnia basically means that the person, even though they are tired, they are not able to fall asleep at night. And if you do manage to fall asleep, your sleep is not deep and peaceful and once you wake up, you don’t feel refreshed and energized, like a normal person should feel after a good night’s sleep.

Insomnia can be a serious problem for a lot of people. It can mess with the person’s brain health, psychological well-being and physical health. If a person doesn’t get an adequate amount of sleep at night, he/she can feel lethargic and tired all day long.

Insomnia can be of many types. Insomnia can be classified as acute insomnia and chronic insomnia.

Acute Insomnia

Let’s talk about acute insomnia first. Acute insomnia is a type of sleeping disorder in which a person is not able to sleep for a short period of time, like for some days and up to a week. Once the few days are over, you will feel tired and you will revert back to your normal sleeping schedule. Usually, acute insomnia doesn’t require long-term medications and treatment and it goes away naturally.

Chronic Insomnia

Chronic insomnia is a type of insomnia which lasts for a lot longer, the span can be up to several months. This is a more dangerous type of insomnia and this can affect you physically, mentally and emotionally, as well. you are not able to sleep for a long period of time, and you begin to feel anxious and restless. Chronic insomnia usually requires long term medications, therapy and treatments, which slowly makes the effects go away. Chronic insomnia has to be treated with making a lot of lifestyle changes. You have to look at your routine closely and make major adjustments in it.

Sleep Deprivation

Now that we have talked about insomnia which is an actual sleep disorder, let’s talk about sleep deprivation. Sleep deprivation is not a disorder in itself. It is more like a shift in your sleeping schedule due to a lifestyle change. Sleep deprivation can be caused if you don’t have a proper sleeping schedule. You might be working a late night shift, which could make you unable to sleep at night, because you are working at night. This can make you extremely tired. Once you don’t get enough sleep, your body will make you stay awake for some time. This has to do with brain activity.

Sleep deprivation usually occurs if you don’t sleep for a full 8 hours for some nights. The more you deprive yourself of sleep, the harder it will be for you to cure it. If your brain hasn’t had enough rest, it can shut down and you can probably faint, which is not a good sign. This can also be fixed by lifestyle modification.

How To Manage Sleep Deprivation?

If you are overworking yourself at a night time job, then you might want to consider quitting the job. You have to make sure you are getting adequate rest for your brain. This will make you feel more energized and refreshed. But sometimes, it becomes inevitable for you to lose sleep. Some situations can cause you to stay awake at certain nights. One of your family members might be in the hospital, you might be attending a late-night event, etc. These things can happen, and they are also forgiving because you can replenish your sleep for one late night. But having something almost permanent like a night time job shift, can affect your brain and your health in an adverse way. Once sleep deprived, you will feel extreme fatigue and tiredness. Sleep deprivation can also cause increased appetite, less movement, depression, anxiety, inability to focus long term, etc.

There you have it! Now you know everything there is to know about insomnia and sleep deprivation. However, if you visit an insomnia clinic Germantown, you can probably get treatment for any of them.